Bebelplatz, or the Bebel Square, adjacent to Unter der Linden, saw thousands of books being burned on May 10, 1933. Loud cheers of the crowd accompanied the Nazi act of hate towards books that were written by the supposed enemies of the Third Reich. About 25 000 books had burned.
Today the most unusual monument serves as a reminder of this event. Sometimes called вЂњThe drowned libraryвЂќ, it is a cavity right in the center of the square, where underneath a layer of thick glass a room with empty bookshelves can be seen. A soft glimmer of lighting attracts the passers-by. The emptiness under the ground conveys the sense of loss. Next to the monument, an engraving quotes Heinrich Heine, who said in 1820: "Where they burn books, they ultimately burn people".